Japanese Election System

Election administration organizations’ powers androles

Election administration organizations
Government or administrative divisions Organizations
Central government (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications) Central Election Management Council
Prefecture Election Administration Commission
Municipality Election Administration Commission

 

 Type of election and sheets
Type of election No. Type of election Sheets (information)
1 House of Representatives 475 (42 in Tokyo)
1.1 Proportional representation 180 (17 in Tokyo)
1.2 Single-seat constituencies 295 (25 in Tokyo)
2 House of Councilors 242 (121)*
2.1 Proportional representation 96 (48)* Nationwide
2.2 Constituencies 146 (73)* (12 (6)* in Tokyo)
3 Prefectural governor 1 for each prefecture, 47 in total
4 Prefectural assembly 127 seats in the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly
5 Municipality mayor Municipal assembly

*Half of the seats are contested at each election.

 

Election administration organizations and their powers and roles
Type of election No. Central government prefecture Municipality
1.1 Decide election schedule
Accept candidate lists
Determine winners
Bear election costs
Prepare ballot papers
Tally and report election result
Update voter rolls
Conduct balloting
Count votes
1.2 Decide election schedule (same as that of proportional representation)
Bear election costs
Prepare ballot papers
Accept candidacy submissions
Determine winners
Same as above
2.1 Decide election schedule
Accept candidate lists
Determine winners
Bear election costs
Prepare ballot papers
Tally and report election results
Same as above
2.2 Decide election schedule (same as that of proportional representation)
Bear election costs
Prepare ballot papers
Accept candidacy
submissions
Determine winners
Same as above
3 Decide election schedule
Prepare ballot papers
Accept candidacy
submissions
Determine winners
Bear election costs
Same as above
4 Decide election schedule
Prepare ballot papers
(Accept candidacy submissions)
(Determine winners)
Bear election costs
Same as above
Tokyo Metropolitan Government entrusts wards and cities with the tasks of accepting candidacy submissions and determining winners.
5 In addition to the above
Decide election schedule
Prepare ballot papers
Accept candidacy submissions
Determine winners
Bear election costs

 

Elections administered by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government (Result of the most recent)
Type of election Election day Voter turnout(%)
House of Representatives Single-seat constituencies October 22, 2017 53.64
House of Councilors Constituencies July 10, 2016 57.50
Governor of Tokyo July 31, 2016 59.73
Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly July 2, 2017 51.28

 

Tokyo Metropolitan Government Election Administration Commission
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